Anthrax is a common acute disease that affects both humans and the animals. It is caused by infection with a microorganism referred as bacillus anthracis which is rod shaped gram positive aerobic bacterium followed by septicemia. Septicemia refers to the invasion of the bloodstream by virulent microorganism from a focus of infection. Anthrax is a common animal disease especially in cattle and sheep. The disease is not communicable when it is prevalent in the humans and has lethal effects on both. The disease is also known as splenic fever.
Anthrax- -A Brief History and Explanation
There are several forms of the disease and each of them has different signs and symptoms. In most of the occurrence of the diseases, symptoms develop within seven days after exposure to the bacteria.
A cutaneous form of anthrax intrudes your body through a cut or other form of a sore over the skin. Cutaneous anthrax is the most common route in which the disease occurs. It is also the modest form of the disease given the patient or victim is introduced to an appropriate treatment where otherwise the impacts are fatal. Symptoms associated with this form of anthrax includes tumefying in the sore and the nearby lymph glands as well as formation of itchy bumps resembling insect bites that quickly develops into a painless sores with black centers.
The other form of anthrax is the gastrointestinal anthrax that begins by eating undercooked meat from a septic animal. The most common signs and symptoms to this kind of anthrax includes nausea , vomiting , pyrexia , abdominal pain , swollen neck, headache , bloody diarrhea , sore throat and difficulty swallowing. As the condition progresses, you may experience high and extreme fever, trouble breathing, shock and meningitis (inflammation of the brain and the spinal cord and is potentially life threatening condition for humans).
Injection anthrax is tapered through injection of illegal drugs and has most recently been reported in parts of Europe. The most initial signs and symptoms of injection anthrax include reddening at the spot or area of injection and there is observable swelling. As the condition progresses, an individual will experience features as shock, multiple organ failure and meningitis.
Anthrax can be treated through different forms of medications depending on the extent of the condition. Patients that have severe serious cases of anthrax are hospitalized as they may require aggressive treatment such as continuous fluid damage and also help in breathing through mechanical ventilation.
Most common forms of treatment of anthrax include use of antibiotics and antitoxin. Entirely all types of anthrax infection can be treated with antibiotics, inclusive of intravenous antibiotics. When you have the outlined signs and symptoms and suspecting of an anthrax infection, it’s of importance to seek medical care and the medical practitioners will decide on the type and form of medication to administer onto you or the patient under the condition. The other form of treatment which is antitoxin takes to considerations where the spores of anthrax have already entered into the body system of the individual and have began to multiply, spread and produce toxins in the body and can cause severe fatal illness.